Grain crops or cereal crops are mainly "grass" plants grown for their grains.
Whole grain refers to the kernel of the grain, which is made up of 3 parts:
1) the bran - the outer part of the kernel, and is multi-layered
Nutrition wise, it contains antioxidants, fiber and Vitamin B
2) the endosperm - the first inner part of the kernel
Nutrition wise, it contains starchy carbohydrates, and small amounts of protein and minerals.
3) the germ - the second inner part of the kernel, embedded in the endosperm.
Nutrition wise, it contains Vitamin B, protein, minerals and fats (good fats).
Essentially, the refining process removes the bran and the germ, resulting in the loss of approximately 25% of the nutrients, including 17 key nutrients.
Brown rice is the whole grain, while white rice is its refined version.
Gluten is a type of protein found in:
People who are not able to digest this protein or have trouble digesting this protein are termed gluten intolerant.
Celiac disease is a form of auto immune disease from gluten intolerance.
Depending on the grains ... in general, grains have one or a combination of the following nutrients:
Different grains comes from different parts of the world.
Now Found/Grown in:
Grains, like many plants have "migrated" to be grown in other parts of the world, but due to that they usually are grown in large areas as crops, and also tendency to need to have "climate suitability", their "migration" is not as wide as some other plants.
The following are sometimes referred to as grains, due to their looks resembling grains, or in cooking treated more like grains, etcetera:
For the purposes of classification, they are considered seeds, and are included in "Antioxidant Seeds" section.
Depending on the type of grains ... in general, the health benefits of the grains could be one or a combinations of the following:
For those who are gluten intolerant, do note that grains contain gluten.
As replacement food similar to grains which are gluten free, some folks have used: